Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Music Of Rock And Roll Music - 847 Words

Have you ever imagined what would our life look like if music never existed? Perhaps nothing changes or our life will fade and become depressed.That s why people need music and musician to color their lives. Among all types of musicians, the rock band musicians are the most avid music producers. Before the rise of Rock and Roll in the 1960s, the elderlies thought that Rock and Roll music was brutal and dirty. However, the younger generations found it attractive and pushed to a musical revolution against the taste of the older generations. As time changed, rock music dominated the popular music charts and those teenagers started pursuing their dream with enthusiasm and became the pioneers of Rock and Roll such as The Beatles. Some people think that playing music is nothing more than a habit, but in fact, it is a job that requires a certain level of degree in musical education, a number of intelligences, and countless of the practices even those talented geniuses: Ludwig van Beethoven and Wolfgang Amadeous Mozart. The job of rock band musician has value in the society because rock music enhances our life qualities, reduces psychological pains and anxieties, promotes production of positive energy, and provides an emotional release for the listener. Their existence values our life in positive ways. Professional band musician is a risky job with unstable income. Base on Stefano Capobianco in his profile Professional Musician Careers: AverageShow MoreRelatedThe Music Of Rock And Roll1862 Words   |  8 PagesIn the 1950’s a new type of music emerged in the United States. Rock and Roll was here to stay. â€Å"Rock musicians not only addressed contemporary events, they pushed the conventional musical boundaries.† Rock and Roll had a significant impact on politics, the music industry, and pop culture in the United States during the 1960 s. â€Å"Music of the 1960’s often challenged political authority directly and unambiguously.† Rock musicians found themselves considering political involvement through theirRead MoreThe Music Of Rock Roll1899 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction I love Rock Roll. So, put another dime in the jukebox baby.† - (Joan Jett). Still like that old time Rock Roll. That kind of music just soothes the soul, I reminisce about the days of old, with that old time Rock Roll.† - (Bob Segar). â€Å"You show us everything you ve got. You keep on dancin and the room gets hot. You drive us wild, we ll drive you crazy.† – (KISS). Music is the art of combining vocal or instrumental sounds (or both) to produce beauty of form, harmony and expressionRead MoreRock Music : Rock And Roll1834 Words   |  8 Pagesdesign for people who listen to Rock music, ranging from hard rock to death metal. Rock music is a genre of popular music that originated as rock and roll in the United States in the 1950s and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly, in the United Kingdom. Musically, Rock has centered on electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass guitar and drums. Rock music and fashion have been inextricably linked. Rock musicians were early adoptersRead MoreBand Music : Rock And Roll Music1383 Words   |  6 PagesRock and Rolls Music The United States is the origin of rock and roll music. It evolved as a popular music in the 1940’s and 1950’s from a combination of Afro-American genres such as jazz, blues, country music, gospel music. Rock and roll music has some elements that are evident in blues and country music of 1920’s. However, Rock music attained its status and name in 1950’s. Saxophone and Piano were the first instruments to be used in the performance of rock and roll music but were later supplementedRead MoreThe Birth of Rock and Roll Music2432 Words   |  10 Pagesteachers, but music changed the decade of the 1950s. Welcome to the decade, where rock ‘n’ roll music emerged. Rock ‘n’ roll changed the world, but it wasn’t just the music. The music created a movement. People were not afraid to be different. The Birth of Rock ‘n’ roll, created a major impact on many cultures and society. When I think of Rock ‘n’ roll mus ic, I think of the music, as a stepping stone for Americans. I think of Rock ‘n roll music as a stepping stone for Americans because the music reflectsRead MoreWhy Rock N Roll Music1404 Words   |  6 Pages There is a lot I have learned from the text, Mystery Train: Images of America in Rock ‘n’ Roll Music. Greil Marcus’ narratives of musicians, such as Elvis Presley, Bob Dylan, Bruce Springsteen, etc., introduces the readers to a deeper meaning behind their song lyrics and allows them to perceive American history through the eyes of the composers. However, it is important to discuss songs reflecting on current events affect on modern day society. I have found that most of the songs I reviewed wereRead MoreRock N Roll Changed Music2774 Words   |  12 PagesRock n Roll was everything the suburban 1950’s were not. While parents of the decade were listening to Frank Sinatra, Perry Como, and the Big Bands. Their children were moving on to a new beat.† (U.S. History) Teenagers started to like this new type of music called rock and roll. It became very popular and artists started to experiment with it which influenced the development of rock n roll through out the 50’s and 60’s. The experimentation with rock n roll changed music forever and greatly influencedRead MoreRock N Roll Changed Music2773 Words   |  12 Pages â€Å"Rock n Roll was everything the suburban 1950’s were not. While parents of the decade were listening to Frank Sinatra, Perry Como, and the Big Bands. Their children were moving on to a new beat.† (U.S. History) Teenagers started to like this new type of music called rock and roll. It became very popular and artists started to experiment with it which influenced the development of rock n roll throughout the 50’s and 60’s. The experimentation with rock n roll changed music forever and greatlyRead MoreThe Vietnam War and Rock and Roll Music Essay1572 Words   |  7 Pagesto the firebases, cassette rock and roll in one ear and door- gun fire in the other, or crouched under fire in a rice paddy while Jimi Hendrix music blares from the recorder held by the soldier next to him... Grunts linking arms in a beery E.M. club and screaming out the lyrics to the Animals We Gotta Get Out of This Place... The rock and roll war... To most of us, the Vietnam War has a rock and roll soundtrack. All the songs of theRead More The History of Rock and Roll Music Essay1037 Words   |  5 Pages The 1960s were the classic age of rock music. The main sub-genres were defined in the 1960s. The paradigm of rock music as the alternative to commercial pop music was established in the 1960s. Wild experimentation alloweds rock musicians to explore a range of musical styles that few musicians had attempted before 1966. Captain Beefheart and the Velvet Underground also created a different kind of rock music within rock music, a different paradigm within the new paradigm, one that will influence

Monday, May 18, 2020

James Truslow Adams The American Dream - 1800 Words

The American Dream The American Dream was something everyone wanted to achieve in the 1930’s; however, many people did not get there because they either gave up, or did not find what they were looking for. Many people were just looking to get away and find their own happiness so they made their own American Dream. As historian James Adams said ... a dream of motor cars and high wages merely, but a dream of social order in which each man and each woman shall be able to attain to the fullest stature of which they are innately capable, and be recognized by others for what they are, regardless of the fortuitous circumstances of birth or position.† (James Adams) In this quote Adams is explaining what the American Dream meant to him and how†¦show more content†¦In today’s world I feel like not very many people try to reach their American Dream they just go with the flow or go above and beyond their dream by getting too much, which is not a bad thing but then they would go in deb t and would not be able to buy anything else for their dream. Everyone should try to achieve their American Dream; however, not everyone achieves their dream like they want to. In my eyes, today’s view of an American Dream includes having a successful job that one genuinely loves to do, having a loving and supportive family, and achieving all the goals set in life. â€Å"Only in America can someone start with nothing and achieve the American Dream. That s the greatness of this country.† (Rafael Cruz) In this quote Cruz describes how it does not matter where one came from, or what one’s life use to be like, it is possible for anyone to achieve their American Dream in America. I believe anyone is capable of achieving their American Dream; for example, if one sets a goal, tries hard to achieve it, and then ends up achieving the American Dream that is desired, success is bound to occur. â€Å"Now, as a nation, we don t promise equal outcomes, but we were founded on the idea everybody should have an equal opportunity to succeed. No matter who you are, what you look like, where you come from, you can make it. That s an essential promise of A merica. Where you start should not determine where you end up.† (Barack Obama) In this quote Obama explains how thisShow MoreRelatedThe American Dream By James Truslow Adams1243 Words   |  5 Pagesspike in questionable practices further withheld the American Dream from those wishing to achieve it the way it was intended, through hard work and perseverance. In 1931, James Truslow Adams defined the American Dream, â€Å"life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement†, regardless of one s class or circumstances of birth. More and more people were being denied the American Dream every, yet they still strived to make something ofRead MoreThe American Dream By James Truslow Adams1130 Words   |  5 Pagesof the American Dream. The American Dream has changed dramatically over the few centuries. During the Founding Fathers’ time, many believed the American Dream meant freedom, equality, and mutu al respect. Time has changed this ideology of the American Dream, which is now seen as owning a million dollar mansion with multiple luxury cars. This isn’t the case for many immigrants who come to the Americas to have a better life for themselves and their family. To many of them, the American Dream is as simpleRead MoreThe American Dream By James Truslow Adams Essay1886 Words   |  8 PagesJames Truslow Adams in 1931 coined the term â€Å"The American Dream† in his book The Epic of America (Michels, n.d., para. 1). He wrote of an America that offered freedom of religion, and speech, as well as political and social opportunities that few other countries offered. However, according to Eva Michels, â€Å"The American Dream† means something different for each individual, it refers to the way of life that Americans strive for and have equal rights to achieve regardless of social class or nationalityRead MoreThe American Dream By James Truslow Adams1707 Words    |  7 PagesThe American Dream, coined by James Truslow Adams in 1931, had been a popular term that had; given motivation to the dissatisfied, reduced the influence of race and one’s social position on achieving their goals, advertised America as a land that offered an abundant amount of possibilities that no other country could match, and unified the country under the same desire of wealth and prosperity, even in times of great despair. Adams had constructed the idea, â€Å"...that American dream of a better, richerRead MoreThe American Dream By James Truslow Adams803 Words   |  4 PagesThe term â€Å" The American Dream† can be coined to historian James Truslow Adams in the early 1930’s. Adams believed that the true commitment for the American society was based of material success that was obtained by individual competition of the citizens. Furthermore, stating that the American citizens had been conditioned to desire success, with an honest belief that it was possible for one to achieve it. This was possible because the very principles that American society represented, helped eachRead MoreThe American Dream By James Truslow Adams1500 Words   |  6 PagesThe American Dream is the sole reason that millions of people decided to come to this country, whether it be generations ago, or last week. But even so, this shared dream faces problems. To solve the problem, the American Dream has to be defined. James Truslow Adams, author of the 1931 book The Epic of America, was the first person to mention and therefore define the American Dream. He established it as: â€Å"[T]hat dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, withRead MoreJames Truslow Adams And The American Dream1392 Words   |  6 Pages While the idea of the American Dream became more popular during the 17th to 20th centuries, the achievability remained elusive due to a static and hierarchical social order that prevailed throughout this time. Thus, the tireless claims of the New Left for a reformed society are supported by the unchanging accessibility of the American Dream. In his book The Epic of America (1931), James Truslow Adams defined the American Dream as â€Å"that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer andRead MoreJames Truslow Adams And The American Dream1371 Words   |  6 Pagesand dreams. Although this is a simple concept, how one must work to achieve these goals is much more complicated. Everyone is born into a different situation and the opportunities they are exposed to differ depending on the person. The original idea of the â€Å"American Dream† supported the idea that all American citizens are able to obtain a better life than they are currently living; however, that idea is continuously changing and many interpret their own dream in different ways. James Truslow AdamsRead MoreThe American Dream By James Truslow Adams1406 Words   |  6 PagesThis so called, â€Å"American dream.† Is it still around, waiting to be achieved by those who work hard enough? Is it effectively dead, killed off by the Great Recession and the economic struggling that many Americans have come to face in this day and age? There are alarming instances and facts, including trillions of dollars lost in the stock market (Paradise, 2009). These losses combined with the unquestionably high unemployment in the past few years, have contributed to seemingly dismal prospectsRead MoreThe American Dream By James Truslow Adams1577 Words   |  7 PagesThe American Dream Lives On Since 1776, the â€Å"American Dream† has continued to evolve. Originally, our forefathers intended the American Dream to be a country where individuals were free from the tyranny of royalty and nobility, working as a part of a whole, making everyone comfortable and happy - all men created equal with equal opportunity. Over the years, this original intent has continued to change. In 1931, James Truslow Adams stated that the American Dream means that, â€Å"life should be better

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Essay - 1275 Words

The charismatic manager approach is dependent on the captivates and articulateness of the manager; charismatic managers are compelled by their passions and dedication to their reason. Charismatic managers correspondingly are occasionally known as transformational managers since this type of manager shares several relationships. Their principal dissimilarity is emphasis and audience; charismatic managers frequently attempt to make the present circumstances pleasanter, whereas transformational managers emphasize on converting corporations into the manager’s visualization. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a charismatic manager who utilized compelling grandiloquence, an interlocking disposition, and steadfast devotion to constructive transformation in the exist of millions of people. (Spahr, P., 2016) Describe the elements of charismatic leadership. In accordance with Y Scout, while these charismatic managers possess an attribute, which is challenging to identify, nonetheless these attributes charm supporters and instigates communities to act. Transformational managers are frequently exceedingly charismatic because he/she can introduce and sustaining a meaningful level of transformation in the establishment. The subsequent are some of the most pronounced physiognomies of a charismatic manager: 1. Communication: Charismatic managers have remarkable proficiencies in communication; this facilitates enthusiasm in workforces during strenuous periods and help them remain founded whenShow MoreRelatedDr. Martin Luther King Jr.658 Words   |  3 PagesIndividual Project Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. inspired myself along with many other nationalities all over the world in so many ways. He was a very courageous and intelligent man who fought so hard for the blacks or African-Americans like myself to have equal rights like the whites or Caucasian people. Just as other civil rights leaders such as Rosa Parks, Dr. King felt that it just wasn’t fair that the black people was segregatedRead MoreDr. Martin Luther King Jr. Essay871 Words   |  4 Pages Dr. Martin Luther King Jr was born in Atlanta Georgia on January 15, 1929. His parents were Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and his siblings were guided by the spiritual teachings from their father and attended public schools in Atlanta during their childhood. King and his nine siblings grew up in a financially secure middle class family. They received a better education than the average child of their race, King noticed this and it influencedRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is unarguably the most famous civil rights900 Words   |  4 Pages Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is unarguably the most famous civil rights activist in American history. His story and legacy is taught in classrooms across the country. From birth to death, Dr. King impacted the lives of many people and changed the roles of society forever. Dr. King had one big dream and what shaped his dream begins in Atlanta,, Georgia, and ends in Memphis, Tennessee. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born into a loving and caring family on January 15, 1929 inRead More Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Essay2605 Words   |  11 Pages Martin Luther King Jr. King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929-1968), American clergyman and Nobel Prize winner, one of the principal leaders of the American civil rights movement and a prominent advocate of nonviolent protest. Kingamp;#8217;s challenges to segregation and racial discrimination in the 1950s and 1960s helped convince many white Americans to support the cause of civil rights in the United States. After his assassination in 1968, King became a symbol of protest in the struggle for racialRead MoreEssay on Leadership Skills of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.823 Words   |  4 PagesDr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Abstract This paper will analyze and study the legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King and how leadership skills helped him in accomplishing his goals. The characteristics that made Dr. King a great leader will also be addressed. By studying great leaders, insight can be gained into what qualities they possess. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a vital figure of the modern era. His lectures and dialogues stirred the concern and sparked theRead MoreMy Hero: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Essay542 Words   |  3 Pagesall portray some kind of heroic abilities. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is one the most heroic figures of our time. According to Joseph Campbells characteristics Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. has a characteristic of a hero such as, a hero is usually someone from whom something has been taken or who feels theres something lacking in the normal experience available, or permitted, to members of his society. (The Power of Myth, 1998) Dr. Martin Luther King was a man who yearned for dignity and respectRead More The Rhetoric of Pathos in the Writings of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.1141 Words   |  5 PagesThe Rhetoric of Pathos in the Writings of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. I have a dream, says Dr. Samuel Proctor, Martin Luther King, Jr. Professor Emeritus of Rutgers University. All the little children--you hear everywhere you go: I have a dream. All the little children repeating that speech. Its become like the Star Spangled Banner or the Pledge of Allegiance. Its entered our culture. And so it has: I have a dream has become one of the most memorable phrases of the twentieth centuryRead MoreDr. Martin Luther King, Jr.s Fight Essay1059 Words   |  5 PagesDr. Martin Luther King, Jr.s Fight Throughout history there have been times when citizens have had the need, as well as the responsibility, to violate certain societal rules/laws in order to protest against unjust treatment and bring about social or political change. It began as early as Socrates, who disobeyed an unjust decree against teaching his ideas, which led to his being condemned to death; Mahatma Gandhi’s fight against British rule over India; and Rosa Parks refusal to give up her seatRead MoreEssay about Biography of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.4067 Words   |  17 PagesBiography of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Jan. 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968 Nationality: American Occupation: civil rights leader Occupation: minister (religion) Michael King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in the Atlanta home of his maternal grandfather, Adam Daniel Williams (1863 — 1931). He was the second child and the first son of Michael King Sr. (1897 — 1984) and Alberta Christine Williams King (1903 — 1974). Michael Jr. had an older sister, Willie Christine (b. 1927), and a youngerRead MoreEssay on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr and The Civil Rights Movement2125 Words   |  9 PagesMartin Luther King jr. was one of the most influential persons of the 20th Century. He is the father of the modern civil rights movement, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., is recognized around the world as a symbol of freedom as well as peace. King practiced everything that he preached, he did not preach or speak values that he himself did not follow. He established himself as a pastor that was not afraid of hard work, guiding the middle-class congregation to public service. For example, Peake, Thomas

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Civil War Was Fought Over African American Freedom

For many years people have questioned what was the cause of the civil war. Till this day there has not been a straightforward answer, but many people still have different views and beliefs on what caused it. Many people believe that political issues or even taxation was the cause of the civil war. However, it was really over slavery. This essay will go over the civil war and explain why slavery caused the southerners and northerners to fight in the civil war. To what extent was the Civil War fought over African American freedom ? What were political issues that dominated U.S. politics in the 1850’s ? What factors led to the split of political parties leading up to the war ? What major events heightened sectional conflicts ? What political wartime strategies did both sides use to win the war ? These are some points and questions that will be discussed in this paper. These questions will be answered to find out why the civil war was fought People may believe that the civil war was fought over many other factors. However, the cause, events and results were more for the slaves and their benefits. Therefore, war was over African American’s freedom and equality. Every single choice Abraham Lincoln made has benefited the African American. African Americans were forced to follow unfair rules and regulation.They were forced to work on plantation without having a choice a to make. They were considered irrelevant. Abraham Lincoln did not like the idea of slavery at all If it did notShow MoreRelatedCompare and Contrast Any Two Public Figure1717 Words   |  7 PagesLincoln was the 16th president as Martin Luther King Jr was not any president. The races are also different. Mr Luther King Jr was black himself so he was the one being affected in his time. Abraham Lincoln just noticed how horrible it must feel to be used as a slave. Martin Luther King, Jr., was a civil rights leader, an author, a minister, and an orator. Born in Atlanta, Georgia, to a middle-class family, King spent most of his career advocating for civil rights and protesting American social injusticesRead MoreEssay on African Americans Influence on Civil War618 Words   |  3 Pagesway the African Americans shaped the course and consequences of the Civil War? African Americans helped shape the civil war in many ways. In fact, they were basically the underlying cause for the war in the first place. African Americans were slaves and had been treated like property since they first arrived in America. Therefore, the possibility of freedom for these slaves caused a big uproar in the south. The issue of equal rights for African Americans, the country’s ignorance to African American’sRead MoreComparasion Essay Abraham Lincoln vs Martin Luther King1213 Words   |  5 Pagesdifferent time for very similar beliefs. They bought fought for civil rights of African Americans who did not always have the rights they have now. They were once slaves and owned by white people .As slaves they were required to do what they were told. A slave had no rights and was treated like a nobody. They were often beaten physically and mentally. Lincoln fought for the freedom of slaves and even went to war for this belief. Once the African Americans were no w free from slavery they were not alwaysRead MoreThe End Of The Civil War1258 Words   |  6 Pages In the 1700s, America was striving off of crops. The king of all crops was cotton. With cotton demands increased, so did the need for enslaved Africans to pick the cotton. The southern states of America were happy with cotton being king and wanted to expand north to increase cotton production. The northern states did not agree with the idea of having land used for cotton, or having Africans in the north. Northerners argued for America to transition from an agricultural economy to an industrial economyRead MoreIn What Way the African Americans Shaped the Course and Consequences of the Civil War?995 Words   |  4 Pagesmarked the beginning of the Civil War and the war was a result of many political tensions that had emerged between the North and the South in the prior decades, all of which were associated with the institution of slavery installed in the Southern United States. President Lincoln began the Civil War with the South in response to states’ secession from the Union, and therefore, the war was not solely concentrated over the issue of slavery in American society. The North fought to preserve the Union whileRead MoreAmerican Identity And American Identity1350 Words   |  6 Pagesthrough slavery, the civil war, and even against the Harlem Renaissance. Although our country has gone through this turmoil and faced ethnic issues, our true identity shines through with our fight for freedom, the ability to create our own-and americas- path through american ingenuity even in times of great distress. Through the workings of Jackson Pollock, showing how not to conform, and through the Jazz evolution; the american identity has always shown its fight for freedom and independence theRead MoreIn What Way the African Americans Shaped the Course and Consequences of the Civil War? Confine Your Answer to the Years from 1861 and 1870.1038 Words   |  5 PagesIn what way the African Americans shaped the course and consequences of the Civil War? Confine your an swer to the years from 1861 and 1870. Immediately after the election and inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, the newly-established Republican Party’s presidential nominee, eleven states of the South seceded from the Union. These events marked the beginning of the Civil War and the war was a result of many political tensions that had emerged between the North and the South in the prior decades, allRead More Buffalo Soldiers in the West Essay1146 Words   |  5 PagesSoldiers in the West Throughout American history, African Americans haven’t had too much say in whether or not they belonged in the United States or not. Slavery without a doubt had a great impact upon their decisions. However, despite their troubles, African Americans have paid their dues and have made an impact on our armed forces since the Revolutionary War. African Americans have fought to preserve the rights for Americans, as well as having to fight the war within their very own country toRead MoreThe Confederate Flag Is A Flag Of Hate1163 Words   |  5 Pages Is the Confederate flag really a flag of hate? Contrary to popular belief, the Confederate flag does not stand for racism, it stands for freedom. It stands for the men who lost their lives fighting for a doomed country, white and black. It stands for not letting others push you around and control you. I stands for the â€Å"bad side† in the Civil War. It is the proof that despite the fact that we boast about being stubborn, w e are ignorant to the fact that all we do is follow the crowd. It representsRead MoreVietnam War and American Culture1684 Words   |  7 Pages Vietnam Wars Impact on American Culture Donna Whittle DeVry University Introduction to Humanities I. Introduction and Thesis Statement In the 1960’s America went through many cultural changes. Martin Luther King Jr., a civil rights activist, delivered his famous, â€Å"I have a dream† speech. African Americans were fighting for peace, freedom and equality. The United States was involved in the Vietnam War, committed to anti-communism. African Americans were deployed to

An Analysis of the 2011 England Riots Free Essays

Abstract This essay examined the role and behaviour of the police in the 2011 English riots, which occurred from August 6 to 10. The main objective of the essay is to understand to what extent the 2011 riots might have been aggravated by the behaviour of the police. The analysis revealed that the role and behaviour of the police in the riots has two dimensions: (a) Police’s treatment of certain groups were viewed as harsh and discriminatory, especially the stop and search practice, which resulted in anger and resentment from some members of the community; and (b) Police response was inefficient in handling the rioting and looting, which resulted in the incident lasting for five days and causing extensive damage. We will write a custom essay sample on An Analysis of the 2011 England Riots or any similar topic only for you Order Now Introduction The 2011 English riots occurred from August 6 to 10, as thousands of people took to the streets in several London boroughs and cities and towns across England. This resulted in looting, arson, robbery, violence, and injuries. Scores of police officers were deployed in order to regain peace and stability in the affected areas. The incident garnered much media publicity, as well as public concern and scrutiny (Guardian 2011; Joyce Wallis 2011). This event has been viewed from various perspectives. Government authorities and several mass media outlets have referred to the incident as ‘riots’ and equated the actions of participants to criminal behaviour. On the other hand, sympathisers have described them as a protest, revolution, and rebellion against inequality and the state’s inefficiencies (Joyce Wallis 2011; Smith 2011; Finchet-Maddock 2011; Democracy Now 2011; White 2011; Peralta 2011). There are many assumptions, theories and speculations on what caused the 2011 English riots. The media, government authorities, and academic community have posed several possible reasons as the main drivers behind the incident. Some of the common explanations are: anger with police; weak police response; high rates of youth unemployment and poor job prospects; poverty; social and economic inequality; racism and racial profiling; social exclusion; rank opportunism; welfare dependence; austerity measures or spending cuts which removed many support mechanisms; poor parenting; commercialism; and social media (BBC News 2011a; The Guardian 2011; Taylor, Rogers Lewis 2011; Travis 2011; The Week Editorial Staff 2011; Euronews 2011; Riddell 2011). This paper aims to understand the riots from the context of the role and behaviour of the police before and during the event. As such, this essay will attempt to discuss to what extent the 2011 riots might have been aggravated by the behaviour of the police. This paper will provide an objective and critical analysis of the subject by using information from various sources, such as news articles, opinions, and academic reports. The analysis will also be viewed from different angles (i.e. from the perspectives of the public, media, government authorities, and the police). This is to ensure a fair and balanced analysis of the subject. Background Information on the 2011 English Riots The 2011 English riots were believed to have been triggered by a protest march in Tottenham, which was organised by the relatives and friends of Mark Duggan (who was shot and killed by a police officer on August 4, 2011). According to the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC), Duggan was killed during a planned arrest as part of Operation Trident (Bolesworth et al 2011; Laville et al 2011). The Trident is a Metropolitan Police Service unit, which investigates gun crime within the Afro-Caribbean communities in London. There were contradictory media reports regarding the shooting of Mark Duggan and this is believed to have played a big role in creating conflict between the police and sympathizers of Duggan. Initial reports indicate that Duggan had fired on the police; however, his family and friends insisted that he was unarmed. The IPCC later acknowledged that Duggan had not fired a gun and admitted that they may have misled journalists into believing that shots had been exchanged (The Australian 2011; Press TV 2011; Vasagar 2011). Duggan’s death generated a lot of media publicity and raised public outrage in the Tottenham community. On August 6, the relatives, friends, and other supporters of Duggan, held a protest rally to demand justice and police explanation for his death (Press TV 2011; Bolesworth et al 2011). The protest for Mark Duggan was initially peaceful but later turned violent as participants in the march remained dissatisfied with the response that they received from police (Smith 2011; Bolesworth et al 2011; Laville et al 2011). Shortly after the protest, the first incident of rioting and looting were reported in Tottenham. This was later followed by more rioting and looting at Tottenham Hale retail park. What started as a small, local protest spiralled out of control as people, especially the youth, took advantage of the situation when they realised that the police could not be everywhere at once and could not address all the cases, especially if it was done on a great scale. With the use of mobile phones and social media networks, word got around quickly and many masked, young people were quick to cash in on the chaos (Euronews 2011; Smith 2011). As news spread and rumours about the Tottenham riots abounded, other districts in London were affected by extensive looting, arson, robbery, and violence. Riots were also reported in Birmingham, Bristol, Gloucester, Gillingham, Nottingham, Leicester, parts of West Midlands and Greater Manchester, and Merseyside in north-west England. The incidents occurred mostly at night as rioters and looters took advantage of the cover of darkness to go about their plans (BBC News 2011b; The Guardian 2011; Riddell 2011). Examining the Role and Behaviour of the Police before and during the riots Various analysts and experts have pointed out that the police’s handling (or mishandling) of the Mark Duggan case had incited feelings of anger and injustice from the community, especially from blacks and youths from impoverished areas, because it was seen as another example of excessive police brutality. The community already had feelings of resentment towards the police and the death of Mark Duggan only ‘incensed the already raw community’ (Finchet-Maddock 2011, p.55). The shooting of Mark Duggan was not an isolated case. There have been accounts of police violence and harassment and deaths of suspected felons under police custody. Moreover, the treatment of police, particularly its singling out of specific areas and individuals for monitoring and stop and search practices, was identified as a key reason for the suspicion and resentment of some sectors of society (especially among blacks and minority ethnic groups) against the police. This is believed to be one of the motivating factors for the riots (Riddell 2011). A study conducted by the Guardian and the London School of Economics found that based on interviews with 270 rioters, the riots were triggered by ‘widespread anger and frustration at the way police engage with communities’ (Lewis et al 2011, p.1). Interviews with rioters revealed their deep-rooted antipathy and distrust towards the police. Analysts pointed out that this distrust and hostility towards the police were one of the key drivers for the riots. The study also showed that although the rioters identified various political grievances, the focal point of their complaints was their feeling of injustice, especially in terms of police treatment. They specifically mentioned their intense frustration at the way members of their communities are subjected to ‘stop and search’ by the police. This finding was echoed in a government report conducted by an independent panel, wherein stop and search was identified as one of the motivational factors for black and As ian rioters. Many of the participants also admitted that they felt like they were clearly engaging in anti-police riots. They identified policing as the most significant cause of the riots. This was incited by the anger they felt regarding the police shooting of Mark Duggan. However, the independent government panel report contradicted this finding as it concluded that there was ‘no single cause for the riots’ (Lewis et al 2011, p.1). According to Smith (2011), the rioting was primarily aimed at taking control of certain areas from the police, usually for a short period of time. This was seen as a way of ‘sticking two fingers up to authority’ or payback against the police (sec.2). Smith’s study also identified inappropriate policing as one of the drivers behind the riots. Specifically, the author explored two types of policing: (a) Long-term policing practices, and (b) Police reaction to events. Long-term policing practices refer to the use of ‘stop and search’ and ‘stop and account’ in some communities, especially in impoverished areas. These practices also seem to be related to racial stereotyping and discrimination, especially for blacks and Asians, and have caused significant resentment among certain groups of young people (Riddell 2011; Lewis et al 2011; Smith 2011)). The riots were then seen by many participants as an opportunity to get back at the police. Smith (2011) postulates that ‘more than anything payback appears to have been, or probably, the key motivating factor in terms of the rioting element of the disturbances’ (sec 5). Another dimension of policing is the police’s response during the riots. The police’s mishandling of the situation regarding the shooting of Mark Duggan and their failure to provide sufficient response to the subsequent incidences of riots, looting, and violence have contributed to the escalation and worsening of events. There were not enough police on the streets, especially on the second night of disturbances, and the media’s depiction of police retreating or standing by while looting and rioting took place are believed to have empowered more people to join in or duplicate the activities in other areas. The absence of police officers to intervene in the wide-scale looting and violence led to a breakdown of order and enabled the incident to last for five days (Smith 2011; Riddell 2011; Euronews 2011). From the point of view of the police, their inability to scale up their responses to the riots was due to a combination of two essential factors. First is that they were trying not to inflame the situation by exercising caution and extreme restraint when dealing with protesters and rioters. This was due to the criticisms they received from their previous handling of student demonstrations. Secondly, the police argued that it takes time to muster enough forces, increase their response, and modify it based on developments. It is worth noting that the tactical response of the police had to be significantly altered as the protests turned into rioting and looting (Smith 2011). As such, the police had to stretch its resources and change their tactics as the incident worsened. Looking back, a faster, more reactive, and stronger police intervention could have reduced the scale of rioting and looting (Smith 2011). However, it cannot be assured that such a response could have effectively resolved the incident. The situation prior to the riots was already very fragile due years of pent up frustration against the police. A tougher police intervention could end up being counter-productive. Although it may help to curb the rioting and looting, it does not guarantee long-term peace and stability. It can be argued that the stricter treatment of the police in certain areas and towards some groups is due to the high incidence of crime in these communities. In fact, the stop and search practice was implemented to lessen gun crimes and selling of drugs. However, over the years, this has created a backlash among the members of these communities because they feel discriminated by the police. As such, the police are placed in a dilemma: how do they enforce law and order in communities with high crime rates without imposing stricter treatment and practices? In a sense, the escalation of the English riots can be attributed to this moral dilemma. The police’s harsh treatment towards certain sectors of the community had led to resentment and anger, which exploded in the wake of Mark Duggan’s shooting. As the police tried to exercise restraint during the subsequent rioting and looting – lest they be accused of more police brutality – the disturbances only increased as people thought that the police was incapable of stopping them. The police erred and was harshly criticized for their treatment of some members of the community. However, they were criticized even more when they failed to promptly stop the rioting, looting, and violence. Whichever action they took, they ended up bearing a significant portion of the blame for the 2011 English riots. Conclusion This paper aimed to analyze the role and behaviour of the police in the 2011 English riots, specifically to understand to what extent the riots may have been aggravated by the behaviour of the police. Results of the analysis show that the police’s behaviour prior to and during the riots had a significant impact on the situation. Prior to the riots, the police’s harsh treatment towards some groups (especially blacks and other ethnic minorities) had already resulted in anger, frustration, resentment, and sense of injustice which was felt by some members of the community, particularly in impoverished areas. The police shooting of Mark Duggan brought these feelings to the fore and incited certain sectors to join the rioting. The situation later escalated to looting, arson, robbery and violence as participants realized that they can take advantage of the situation and payback at the police. Police response during the initial days of rioting was insufficient and only caused more people to be empowered to join or copy the disturbance. As such, the police’s failure to promptly address the situation further worsened the situation. In conclusion, the police’s behaviour before and during the riots combined to aggravate the riots. This is supported by the fact that many studies and investigations conducted about the 2011 English riots pointed out that inappropriate policing was one of the key drivers behind the incident. References BBC News. (2011a). The competing arguments used to explain the riots. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. BBC News. (2011b). England riots: Maps and timeline. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Bolesworth, S, Neild, B, Beaumont, P, Lewis, P Laville, S. (2011).Tottenham in flames as riot follows protest. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Euronews. (2011). Behind the London Riots: A Multitude of Causes. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Joyce, J Wallis, H. (2011). England riots: Days of looting, arson and violence. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Laville, S, Lewis, P, Dodd, K Davies, C. (2011). Doubts emerge over Duggan shooting as London burns. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Lewis, P, Newburn, T, Taylor, M Ball, J. (2011). Rioters say anger with police fuelled summer unrest. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Peralta, E. (2011). Who are the London Rioters and Why are they Rioting. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Press TV. (2011). ‘Media misled on Mark Duggan death’. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Riddell, M. (2011). Rioters say anger with police fuelled summer unrest. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Smith, M. (2011). Young people and the 2011 riots in England – experiences, explanations, and implications for youth work. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Taylor, Rogers Lewis. (2011). England rioters: young, poor and unemployed. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. The Australian. (2011). Mark Duggan did not fire his weapon at police. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. The Guardian. (2011). Reading the Riots: Investigating England’s Summer of Disorder. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. The Week Editorial Staff. (2011). What caused the London riots5 theories. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Travis, A. (2011). UK riots analysis reveals gangs did not play pivotal role. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. Vasagar, J. (2011). Mark Duggan did not shoot at police, says IPCC. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. White, M. (2011). Is Rioting Revolutionary. Available: Last accessed 5th December 2012. How to cite An Analysis of the 2011 England Riots, Essay examples

Is social media making us less social free essay sample

Social Media Making Us Less Social? In a world where 850 million people are linked through a single website we feel more connected and social than ever before (Marino, Is Social Media Making Us Socially Awkward). Social media removes the need for people to physically talk and communicate to one another because we can connect with hundreds by the push of a button. From my own experiences, I see social media as a dark hole. We are all dragged into it and once we have started sharing, posting and reading through these social outlets, there is no escape. It is an addiction and one which is having a etrimental affect on peoples social skills. Whether at at the dinner table or at the store, nearly every moment of our day we have access to social media. Social media actually makes people less social because social media ironically reduces the need and desire for face-to-face interaction. We will write a custom essay sample on Is social media making us less social or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Now more than ever before people are busy communicating primarily through their electronic devices. Not only does this take away from our social skills but being on ones phone or computer is one of the most solitary things one can do. Social media gives us the ability to catch up with an old riend while we ride the bus to class or look at pictures of our distant relatives wedding while we are eating dinner, however we loose sight of what is around us. In fact, according to a study from an article by Kristin Marino, American citizens spend an average of 21 minutes on Facebook each day (Marino, Is Social Media Making Us Socially Awkward). After a simple calculation, this amounts to approximately 128 hours or 5. 2 full days per year spent of Facebook. This number does not even include people who view Facebook through their mobile devices (Marino, Is Social Media Making Us Socially Awkward). Neither does the study include any other forms of social media such as Twitter, Instagram, Tumblr or Vine. The facts are shocking, and to imagine what all that time was spent on before Facebook is truly eye opening. More than five days are spent staring at a screen, looking and admiring or Judging the lives of our peers and acquai ntances. There is a convenience factor behind why we choose to connect mostly through social media, as we are able to respond on our own time. There seems to be an unwritten law of updating our social media that veryone abides by because we are so disconnected that the only way people know anything about us is through these social media sites. This is perhaps why we do not have as much face-to-face interaction because people are already aware of many events that occur in the lives of others and already know how they are doing or what they are up too. Instead of going out with friends or enjoying the company of others, we fall back on social media sites. However, it is important to realize that the social networking sites are not to blame for this. We are. The more time we spend on these ites, the greater the illusion or idea that we are more connected becomes. According to an article by Brent Staples who has a doctorate in psychology, Teenagers nowadays are both more connected to the world at large than ever, and more cut off from the social encounters that have historically prepared young people for the move into adulthood (242). A face-to-face interaction with someone is far different than a face to screen interaction. In communication we often use body language and visual the computer there are no visual cues and this makes way for confusion and misunderstanding. Social media allows for us to dissociate with the real world and put too much focus on crafting a new character in the virtual or social media world. We are able to create a specific personality for others to view and to use as a tool of judgment regarding the type of person we are. The beauty of social media sites is that there is enormous power in determining what we want people to see and what we want to hide. Through social media we can remove the variables of everyday life and remove the at times embarrassing reality of society and portray an image that we think people will approve or be impressed by. Not only can it be exhausting to portray a specific attitude or personality and constantly feeling like you have to impress your friends, but also it takes away from the time you spend creating real life experiences with real people. In fact, I believe that cell phones in a way can be viewed as a companion. It is never far away, and it entertains us when we are bored. The more time we spend Jumping from electronic devices the more our social skills are being stunted. In fact, according to a study by Developmental Psychology, multitasking in the digital form through social media can leave todays children ocially incompetent (Hussain, Is Social Media Making Us Anti-Social). Instead of riding bikes and playing outside, kids in todays society are also glued to the screens of smartphones and tablets. By starting this addiction at such a young age, children do not learn normal social skills through everyday interactions with other children, which breeds a culture of isolationism and reduces the need for face-to-face interaction. One counter argument people may use against my stance is the belief that the amount of information and the connections we can make with people through social media allow us to be more social. However, I would argue that although we have more information, it is communicated through a cell phone or computer. There is no personal face-to-face interaction that takes place when we read online. The inherent communication skills we all obtain through physical communication and interaction are deteriorating, and as social media evolves and becomes even more a part of our lives, our social skills will continue to fade. Face-to- face interactions are so important because there is so much more than Just words that are shared and communicated such as expression, and body language. Online, ll we have to interpret is the words they use. One example that shows how we are actually becoming asocial due to the overwhelming use of social media is the fact that cell phones are hardly used for talking anymore. Talking on the phone altogether has become as ancient an idea as listening to a cassette tape and is viewed as a task or chore. Social media is certainly an excellent way to maintain contact with friends and family however, there is a medium to be found. The longer we ignore that over use of social media plays a part in chipping away at our social skills, the greater the onsequences become. It truly is ironic how all of these social media and networking sites are designed to bring us closer and more connected than ever before however, they are actually partly to blame for why we are becoming more asocial. By constantly using social media, we are isolating ourselves to primarily connecting through the virtual world rather than in person and we are simply missing important life experiences that are not available in virtual form. Social media is now so easily and down this path in which we let the Internet control our life rather than us being in control.

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Resurrection And Christ Essay Example For Students

Resurrection And Christ Essay For many centuries, artists throughout the world have aimed to capture and portray a particular theme or subject in accordance to their religious beliefs, personal influences, and mood, or based entirely upon societal influences. The figure of Christ and the manner in which he has been depicted has varied immensely over the years, which is highly indicative of changing social attitudes. Piero della Francescas Resurrection of 1463, and Julie Rraps Christ of 1984, have each depicted a Christ like figure in a way that illustrates their personal beliefs and also reflects the publics stance regarding the depiction of Christ at the time each artwork was completed. The two artworks are significantly different in style and representation, as each artist has selected different media and entirely different approaches and interpretations. These significant differences are mainly due to the eras in which each artwork was produced. Francescas fresco is a classic product of the Italian Renaissance period, whereas Rraps piece is indicative of our changing society and its religious values. Israel, 1997, p. 160. Francesca composed his piece during the Early Renaissance period at the beginning of the 15th century, where faith in the theoretical foundations of art was highly placed. During this time, many examples of Ancient art were revered as both a source of inspiration and also as a record of trial and error that had the ability to reveal the success of the former great artists. Pioch, 1996, p. 1. About this time, there was still a set format of how particular Christian figures were perceived to have appeared; hence Francesca has depicted the figure of Christ in the stereo typed perception. Yet he has done so in a manner that fully exemplifies the era he was in, and also indicates his personal interest and success with the use of perspective. Alternatively, Rraps photomontage Christ has been compiled at a time when female stereo types are being challenged. The artwork challenges the male dominance of past art. Typical of postmodern art, this piece is quite the feminist statement, and is in keeping with many of her previous artworks. Israel, 1997, p. 160. The two artworks are noticeably different immediately upon viewing, as Resurrection is a fresco and Christ is a photomontage. The fresco was compiled with the use of pigment being applied to wet plaster, whereas the photomontage is in essence an installation arrangement that has used a collage technique with the use of photographs. Rrap has used a piece of art by Munch and outlined the figure it depicted, and then positioned herself whilst semi-naked within the outline. It is this placement of herself within the outline that has enabled her to slip out of the stereotype of the female Israel, 1997, p. 160. The image was then divided and abstracted, with the use of thick brush strokes in the background, creating a sense of movement. Resurrection however has been produced in a far more simple manner, with the composition comprising of Jesus standing with one leg raised onto a tomb, whilst four Roman guards are sleeping by the tomb at his feet. Jesus, swathed in red cloth, is holding a flag in an almost triumphant and defiant gesture. The foreground figures have all been placed in perspective, yet the background appears quite out of place in conjunction. Few colours have been used in Christ, yet the chosen colours of yellow and black inter mixed in the background, red on blue for the crucifix, and the exaggerated yellow flesh tone in the photo on the blue have all been used successfully. They each contribute to the overall effect of the image in a positive mode. Conversely, Francescas fresco has encompassed the use of realistic colour throughout the entire image. The colours have been used skillfully and created tone and depth in all aspects of the fresco, contributing to the desired realistic representation of figures. Hopwood, 1996, p. 80B. Each artist has chosen and used their colour in an approach that is indicative and typical of their era, Francesca in particular. .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 , .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 .postImageUrl , .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 , .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80:hover , .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80:visited , .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80:active { border:0!important; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80:active , .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80 .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u207aee0696616b555918a8659e9f3e80:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Civil Disobedience EssayDespite the imposing position that Jesus has been placed in within Resurrection, his facial expression along with the overall composition of figures and the landscape creates an almost peaceful and tranquil mood. The positioning of each figure generates a harmonious balance, which is complimented by the variation of colour and space. The entire nature of the composition is characteristic of the Renaissance era, where the development of mathematical application of art principles was continuously being developed along with many other new artistic concepts in the whole rebirth period. Hopwood, 1996, p. 92. Not unlike Resurrection in regards to social influences and environment, Christ has been completed in such a way that it too, is representative of its social environment. This is shown in several ways, including the fact that Rrap has photographed herself naked, except for a white cloth falling below her abdominal region. She has in no way attempted to cover her breasts, which illustrates societys growing acceptance of the almost naked female form being used in modern art. It is not the technicality of appearing semi naked however, that is most indicative of todays social climate. Rather, it is the placement of herself in such a pose and representation of Jesus that provides the biggest insight into the social atmosphere of today. It is a bold feminist statement that openly challenges the stereotyped role of women in art throughout previous centuries. Isreal, 1997, p. 161. Both Francescas Resurrection and Rraps Christ have been produced in ways that adapt to their specific eras. Each artist has conveyed their chosen subject matter of Christ in such a manner that clearly shows and illustrates the social environment of their time. This has been illustrated through the overall layout and composition, accentuated by elements such as colour and variation. Yet the social climate has been depicted most significantly through the way in which the figure of Jesus has been portrayed. Initially as a male, then quite strikingly as a female, over four centuries later. To many people, this is a sign of progress, but in the eyes of just as many, it is also step backwards.